Heraldic Symbols Unlocked: Discover the Secret Language of Medieval Warriors!

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Heraldic Symbols Unlocked: Discover the Secret Language of Medieval Warriors!

Find Out Which Emblem Represents Your True Self!

Are you curious about the rich tapestry behind heraldic symbols? Have you ever wondered about the storied emblems gracing ancient shields and modern logos?

This article is your gateway to understanding the allure of heraldic symbols, offering a detailed exploration of their origins, meanings, and enduring presence across cultures.

Expect to walk away with the newfound knowledge that adds depth to your appreciation of these historical icons.

Keep reading to discover the world of heraldry that awaits you.

Let’s get started!

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Key Takeaways

Heraldic Symbols

Heraldry Is Historical Identity: Heraldry is a vibrant visual language dating back to medieval times. It was initially used to identify knights and evolved into a system of personal and familial symbolism.

Symbols With Depth: Each component of a heraldic design—from the shield to the colors, animals, and objects—carries its own historical significance and meaning, telling a unique story about the bearer’s heritage and values.

Cultural Tapestry: While deeply rooted in European tradition, heraldry reflects a universal human practice of using symbols to signify identity and values, with parallels found in global cultures.

Modern Relevance: Heraldic symbols influence modern design, seen in everything from corporate logos to pop culture, proving these ancient emblems’ enduring power and appeal.

What is Heraldry?

Heraldry is the practice of designing, displaying, and studying the unique symbols known as coats of arms. These emblems have been used for centuries to identify individuals, families, institutions, and nations. Heraldry matters because it is a visual narrative of heritage and identity, encapsulating personal and familial stories, achievements, and history in a compact, symbolic form.

Brief Overview of Heraldic Tradition

The heraldic tradition began in the high Middle Ages, primarily to identify knights in battle and tournaments. With the rise of chivalry and the increasing complexity of warfare, it became essential to distinguish combatants who were otherwise obscured by armor. Thus, distinctive symbols were affixed to shields, surcoats, and banners.

But heraldry was more than just a means of identification; it became a social language and a form of legal property, its symbols and rules regulated by heraldic authorities.

A coat of arms could tell you about a person’s lineage, alliances, property rights, and character traits. It was a mark of status and prestige, often granted by a sovereign power, and became hereditary, passed down through generations with slight modifications to differentiate family branches.

Over time, heraldic symbols expanded beyond the individual to corporate entities such as cities, guilds, and universities. These groups adopted coats of arms to signify their history, culture, and the values they stand for.

Heraldry still plays a ceremonial role today and is a subject of scholarly study and widespread interest. It matters because it’s a visual history book, a collection of stories about people and places that have shaped the world we know today.

What Are Heraldic Symbols?

A heraldic symbol is a distinctive design or emblem used in heraldry, a visual identification system that dates back to medieval Europe. Heraldry emerged to distinguish knights and nobles on the battlefield and in tournaments, where facial recognition was impossible due to armor.

Over time, it evolved into a complex language of symbols, each with its own meanings and rules. These symbols extended beyond the battlefield to denote family lineage, affiliations, and achievements.

At its core, heraldic symbols are a visual shorthand that conveys information using images and colors. These symbols, or “charges,” can be divided into several categories: animals (real and mythical), objects, and abstract designs. Each category and its elements carry specific meanings, often rooted in medieval culture and values.

For instance, the lion, a familiar figure in heraldry, symbolizes courage and strength. Meanwhile, colors like gold (or “Or” in heraldry) represent generosity, and swords signify martial readiness and valor. Heraldry is a language in which every detail, down to the background color or “field,” has significance.

Heraldic symbols are governed by rules and traditions, including blazonry—a formalized language used to describe heraldic arms. While heraldry is most closely associated with European traditions, similar practices of using symbols to represent individuals, families, or institutions can be found worldwide.

Over centuries, heraldic symbols have transcended their martial origins to become marks of heritage, identity, and honor for families, organizations, and countries. While less common in battle today, their use persists in academic, corporate, and municipal insignias and the personal arms of individuals and families interested in maintaining this colorful link to the past.

Types of Heraldic Symbols

A Visual Lexicon

Heraldry is a fascinating and complex visual language comprising various symbols and elements, each with its distinct meaning and history.

Here’s a snapshot of the diversity found in heraldic designs:


Ordinaries are basic geometric shapes that extend across the shield. Common examples include the pale (a vertical stripe), the fess (a horizontal stripe), and the bend (a diagonal stripe). These elements are often used as a base for the design and can represent different aspects of the bearer’s achievements or characteristics.


Sub-ordinaries are variations of the standard ordinaries and tend to be more complex. They include the chevron (an inverted V-shape), the cross (which can come in various forms), and the saltire (an X-shape). These elements are slightly less common but play a significant role in the overall composition of a coat of arms.

Common Charges

Common charges are non-geometric images that can be placed on the shield. They can be natural items, such as plants and animals, or human-made objects, like weapons and tools. These symbols signify the armiger’s profession, characteristics, or historical deeds.


Animal charges can be real or mythical creatures, with each species embodying specific traits. The lion, symbolizing bravery and nobility, is one of heraldry’s most recognized animal charges.


Birds are abundant in heraldry, with the eagle being the most prestigious. It is often associated with power and authority. Each bird is typically shown in a particular stance or attitude, which can also affect its meaning.

Sea Creatures

Sea creatures in heraldry often symbolize maritime prowess and adventure. The dolphin, frequently depicted, stands for swiftness, diligence, and charity.

Human Figures and Body Parts

Heraldry can include whole human figures or parts, like hands or arms. These often hold symbolic tools or weapons and can represent the human qualities the armiger values, such as leadership or bravery.

Celestial Bodies

Celestial bodies like stars, suns, and moons are common in heraldry and typically signify divine qualities or a celestial event linked to the armiger’s history.

Plants and Trees

Plants and trees represent life and growth. The oak tree, for instance, might symbolize strength and endurance.

Buildings and Structures

Castles, bridges, and towers often represent protection, vigilance, historical events, or locations associated with the Armiger family.

Crowns and Coronets

Crowns and coronets signify authority and nobility, and their specific design can indicate the rank of the armiger.

Helmets and Headdresses

These are often depicted above the shield and below the crest and can vary significantly. They indicate the armiger’s rank and social status.

Shields and Escutcheons

The shield, or escutcheon, is the centerpiece of a heraldic design and the canvas on which the arms are displayed. The shield’s shape and style sometimes hint at the arms’ origin.


Mottoes are phrases that encapsulate the ethos of the armiger or their family. They are usually displayed on a ribbon or scroll and often serve as a personal or family maxim.


Supporters are figures that stand on either side of the shield. These can be animals, mythical creatures, or even humans and often hold or support the shield.

Heraldic Tinctures

Tinctures in heraldry refer to the colors and metals used in a coat of arms. Each has its symbolism, with metals like gold and silver representing virtues such as generosity and sincerity.

Cadency Marks

Cadency marks are small symbols used to differentiate the arms of members of the same family, especially among sons. Each mark indicates the bearer’s birth order.


A badge is a distinctive emblem worn to signify allegiance to an individual or family. A badge is simpler and more versatile than a full coat of arms.

Heraldic Knots

These are stylized decorative knots used as a mark of recognition. Perhaps the most famous is the Bowen knot, which appears as a square with loops at each corner.


In heraldry, furs are patterns representing animal pelts, such as ermine or vair. They symbolize dignity and can often denote authority or rank.

Each element in a coat of arms has its own language and story, which combine to form a complex and personal emblem conveying the armiger’s identity and values. The intricate details and rich symbolism embedded in heraldic symbols offer a window into the past and a testament to the storytelling power of this medieval art form.

Understanding Its Symbols and Meanings

The Language of Heraldry

Deciphering the language of heraldry is akin to learning to read a complex code, where every symbol, position, and color has its own meaning. The heraldic tradition uses a unique terminology derived from French, the lingua franca of medieval European nobility.

For instance, a shield featuring a black background (known as “Sable”) with a gold lion rampant (standing on one leg) signifies a fearless warrior with royal dignity.

Colors and metals are fundamental in heraldry, and each has a symbolic meaning. Gold or yellow (Or) signifies generosity and elevation of the mind, while silver or white (Argent) represents peace and sincerity. Animals, too, are rich in symbolism: the eagle denotes leadership and decisiveness, the bear strength and cunning, and the mythical phoenix rebirth and immortality.

The Evolution of Heraldic Symbols

From Battlefields to Family Crests:

The origin of heraldic symbols traces back to the need for identification in battle. Unlike today’s combat, where uniforms and insignias provide clarity, medieval warfare was a chaotic melee where recognizing friend from foe was crucial. Heraldry emerged as a practical solution, allowing knights to display their allegiances and achievements prominently.

Over time, these symbols transcended the battlefield. As European society evolved, heraldry became part of civil life, marking lineage and noble deeds, professions, associations, and cities. The system became so integral to identity and heritage that laws were enacted to regulate and record heraldic symbols, ensuring their uniqueness and meaning were preserved for posterity.

This evolution from a practical military tool to a complex system of social symbolism underscores heraldic symbols’ adaptability and enduring relevance. They are not mere relics of the past but vibrant markers of history and identity that continue to fascinate and inspire.

Heraldic Symbols and Their Psychological Impact

While the knights of yore might not have had modern psychology to explain the impact of their banners, today’s research sheds light on why these symbols were so potent.

By their very nature, symbols communicate directly with the subconscious, evoking emotions and conveying messages beyond the capability of words alone. With their vivid imagery and colors, Heraldic symbols are designed to inspire fear, respect, or allegiance, tapping into deep-seated psychological responses.

The lion, for example, universally symbolizes bravery and authority, traits highly prized in medieval society. Lions in heraldry leverage our instinctual reaction to the animal’s majesty and power, imbuing the bearer of the symbol with those perceived qualities.

Similarly, red (Gules in heraldry) evokes strength and valor, often signaling a warrior or a noble cause.

Understanding the psychological underpinnings of heraldic symbols reveals their historical and cultural context and continued relevance.

Today, the principles of heraldry—the use of symbols to convey complex messages and evoke an emotional response—are more prevalent than ever in branding and design.

Heraldry in Modern Times

More Than Just a Medieval Relic

Far from being confined to the pages of history books, heraldic symbols have found new life in the modern world. These ancient symbols of identity and valor have seamlessly transitioned into the logos and brands that mark our contemporary landscape.

The three lions of the English football team, the pegasus of Mobil Oil, and the peacock of NBC exemplify how heraldic imagery continues to influence branding and corporate identity. These symbols carry the weight of centuries of history and meaning, lending a sense of nobility, strength, and tradition to the entities they represent.

Moreover, heraldic symbols are a fascinating hobby for many. Societies and clubs are dedicated to studying and creating personal or familial arms. In this digital age, where identity can be fluid and ephemeral, heraldry offers a tangible link to history and a sense of belonging to a larger narrative.

Heraldic Symbols Across Cultures

A Comparative Look

While heraldry is most commonly associated with European traditions, using symbols to represent families, individuals, and institutions is a universal phenomenon.

For instance, in Japan, mon (emblems used to decorate and identify an individual or family) serve a similar purpose to European coats of arms. They feature designs ranging from floral motifs to abstract patterns.

Similarly, in many African cultures, symbols known as adinkra are used extensively in fabrics and art to convey complex messages and values.

This cross-cultural exploration of heraldic symbols highlights the universal human need to belong, identify, and signify one’s place in the world through symbols. While the shapes, colors, and motifs may vary, the underlying principles of heraldry—identity, honor, and heritage—remain strikingly similar across cultures.

How to Create Your Own Heraldic Symbol

Designing a heraldic symbol today combines historical tradition with personal creativity. The process begins with understanding the elements of heraldry, including colors, charges (symbols), and the shield layout.

However, the modern heraldic artist is not bound by the rigid structures of the past and can incorporate more personal and meaningful elements into their design.

For those interested in creating their own heraldic symbol, it’s advisable to start with the basics: choose a shield shape that resonates with you, select colors and metals that represent your values or personality, and consider symbols with personal significance. The key is balance and meaning, ensuring that each element contributes to a coherent and significant whole.

Heraldic Symbols in Popular Culture: Knights, Castles, and More

The allure of knights, castles, and the chivalric code continues to captivate the imagination, finding expression in movies, television shows, and video games. Heraldic symbols are central to this fascination, offering a recognizable visual shorthand for character and setting.

From the direwolf of House Stark in Game of Thrones to the crests adorning the halls of Hogwarts in Harry Potter, heraldic imagery enriches our fantasy landscapes with a depth and authenticity that bridge the medieval and the modern.

This continued presence in popular culture keeps the tradition of heraldry alive. It introduces new generations to the symbolism and history behind these ancient emblems, ensuring their preservation and appreciation in a rapidly changing world.

FAQs About Heraldic Symbols

What animals are heraldry symbols?

In heraldry, various animals are used as symbols, each with its own significance. Here are some of the most commonly featured creatures:

  • Lion: Often considered the king of beasts and a symbol of bravery, strength, and valor.
  • Eagle: Represents power, authority, and nobility.
  • Griffin (part lion, part eagle): Symbolizes courage and leadership, combining the king of the beasts with the king of the birds.
  • Bear: Typically stands for strength, cunning, and protection.
  • Horse: Conveys readiness for battle, nobility, and service.
  • Wolf: Can signify perseverance in siege or defense and loyalty.
  • Dragon: A mythical creature that denotes power, strength, and protection.
  • Stag or Hart: Reflects peace and harmony, the sovereignty of the forest, and a noble spirit.
  • Dolphin: In heraldry, it often represents swiftness, diligence, and a love of the sea.
  • Boar: Known for ferocity in the hunt, it signifies bravery and fierceness.
  • Unicorn: Another mythical beast symbolizing purity, virtue, and strength.

These animals are depicted in various stances or attitudes, which can also affect the symbolism attributed to them. For instance, a lion rampant (reared up on its hind legs) might be a more aggressive symbol than a lion passant (walking peacefully).

What do the different colors in heraldry represent?

In heraldry, colors are not just aesthetic choices; they carry deep meanings. Gold or yellow (Or) stands for generosity and elevation of the mind, silver or white (Argent) symbolizes peace and sincerity, blue (Azure) denotes loyalty and truth, red (Gules) is for warrior or martyr, signaling strength and bravery, green (Vert) represents hope, joy, and loyalty in love, black (Sable) suggests constancy or grief, and purple (Purpure) is a mark of royal majesty and sovereignty.

Can anyone create their own coat of arms?

Yes, anyone can design their own coat of arms. However, in countries with heraldic authorities, such as the United Kingdom, official recognition and registration of a coat of arms follow strict guidelines and procedures. Creating a personal coat of arms is more about artistic expression and personal significance, lacking legal restrictions.

How are heraldic symbols passed down through generations?

Traditionally, heraldic symbols were inherited and passed from parents to their offspring. Inheritance patterns could vary, with firstborn sons often inheriting the family coat of arms unchanged, while younger siblings might modify the arms to differentiate themselves. This practice created a rich tapestry of familial heraldry, with each branch of a family tree having its unique variation of the ancestral arms.

What’s the difference between a family crest and a coat of arms?

“Family crest” and “coat of arms” are often used interchangeably, but they refer to different things. A crest is technically a component of a coat of arms that sits atop the helmet.

Over time, however, “crest” has become synonymous with the entire heraldic design. A coat of arms, in contrast, refers to the full heraldic achievement, including the shield, helmet, mantling, wreath, and crest.

Are heraldic symbols legally protected?

Heraldic symbols are legally protected in countries with heraldic authority, such as the UK and Scotland. Unauthorized use of an officially registered coat of arms is prohibited. In other regions without such authorities, heraldic symbols are not legally protected.

However, creating and using a coat of arms may still follow traditional guidelines and ethical practices to respect the symbols’ historical and familial significance.

What is the heraldry symbol for strength?

In heraldry, the lion is widely recognized as a symbol of strength. Portrayed as bold and powerful, the lion in various positions signifies different aspects of strength and courage.

For example, a rampant lion, depicted standing on its hind legs, is a traditional emblem of martial might and valor. It is often used to suggest a warrior-like prowess or a strong leader.

Other animals, like the bear and the boar, also represent strength, and the eagle symbolizes strength and authority in the air. Additionally, heraldic imagery uses objects like towers or oak trees to represent strength and steadfastness.

Last Thoughts

Heraldic symbols’ journey from the battlefields of the medieval period to today’s corporate logos and popular media is a testament to their enduring power and appeal.

These symbols, steeped in history and tradition, continue to offer a connection to the past, a sense of identity, and a means of expressing personal and collective values.

Heraldry’s legacy reminds us of the timeless human desire to signify our place in the world through symbols as we look to the future. This practice remains as relevant and compelling as ever despite the passage of centuries.

Exploring the vibrant tapestry of heraldic symbols reminds us that history is not just about dates and events but about the stories and symbols that carry meaning across generations.

So, share this fascinating journey into heraldry with friends and family—after all, everyone has a story to tell and, perhaps, a symbol that represents it.

Before You Go

If you’ve enjoyed unraveling the vibrant threads of heraldry with us, why not share this rich tapestry of symbols and stories with others?

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a lover of intriguing tales, or someone who appreciates ancient traditions’ artistry, heraldic symbols offer something for everyone.

Pass on this article to kindle a conversation, inspire curiosity, or simply share the joy of discovering heraldry’s colorful language. After all, every share is like a herald’s trumpet, announcing the fascinating legacy of these emblems to a new audience.

Spread the word, and let’s keep the history and intrigue of heraldry alive for generations to come!

More on Heraldic Symbols

  • Ordinaries
  • Sub-Ordinaries
  • Common Charges
  • Animals
  • Birds
  • Sea Creatures
  • Human Figures and Body Parts
  • Celestial Bodies
  • Plants and Trees
  • Buildings and Structures
  • Crowns and Coronets
  • Helmets and Headdresses
  • Shields and Escutcheons  
  • Mottoes
  • Supporters
  • Heraldic Tinctures
  • Cadency Marks
  • Badges
  • Heraldic Knots
  • Furs

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